Culture and creative business in Germany

Educational Background

Germany is well-known for its dual education system, which combines apprenticeships in a company and vocational education at a vocational school, which takes alltogether three years. The education is controlled by the chamber of commerce and it´s the only education system in Germany, which doesn´t differ from one feder state to another. During your education, the appreticeship is paid, depending on the year of your dual education system. You earn more in the third year than in the first year. There are about 500 different profession to learn in this system. In ze tripartite German school system, it was necessary to install a possibility for the pupils of the Middle School and the General School to learn a profession and the theorethical background, combined with economic knowledge.

Around the year 2001, the professions event manager, event technician (among others) were new established by ze German Government, the guilds and the chambers of commerce, to professionalise and also industrialise our culture. This is the professional background, why we have such a lot of venues, festivals, concerts on all levels. A lot of festivals in Germany, like "Stoned from the Underground", "Freak Valley", "Wacken", Summer Breeze", "Rock Harz", "Full Force", started or got professional around the year 2000. We have four different levels of sound engineering; study in an university, study in specialised high school, dual education system or private schools. Not to mention the mostly studied promoters and media agents.

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dual_education_system

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veranstaltungskaufmann

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fachkraft_für_Veranstaltungstechnik

Economical Situation

Ze Germans are known for their engineering and their vehicle industry. But our cultural industry holds a percentage of 18,33% of all our branches. Just imagine, that our beloved Backstage in Munich booked 114 concerts in three venues for March and April 2020. That means around 500 - 600 concerts a year, not including the Free and Easy Festival in July/August or the Dark Easter Festival. Due to the Corona Crisis, around 200-300 concerts were cancelled or postponed until the end of August. Same at the Feierwerk, the location for the annual "Keep it low"-Festival. They cancelled around 120 concerts in the same period.

I only can talk about the damage done, because there is no official statement of our government and also there is no commun way among the bookers, venues etc. how to solve their problems without getting official help.

In 2018, 1.2 Mio are employed in the culture and creative industry, plus 256.000 freelancers and employers. Shocking is the amount of additionally around 520.000 employed people who earn less than 450€/month with no social security included. The average wage in the creative industry is around 2100€/month gross! That means, that the employed earn 2950€/month, gross. No social security paid, no taxes.

The wages didn´t rise throughout the years, just the prices for the tickets. So we have the same putting-out system here: a lot of sub-contractors tearing out the money for consuming. Throughout the years, it was a booming industry, which had a lot of slavery works to maintain the possibility to consume a lot of culture, sometimes as a background. 

I mean, this industriy struggled before the crisis, with a lot of unpayed hours of work, with low wages and no political lobby. It is obvious that there will be no help for lower-income group, altough they pay a lot for our social system in Germany. Financially said, the culture and creativity industry is  - along with transport and logistic - the german white trash.

Relation to the offered culture

We live in this village on the right south of Munich, about half an hour away from the Backstage and the Feierwerk. The culture which is offered there, is the only reason for us to leave our village, because it´s beautiful. So culture is the main attraction of cities for an area of 50 - 100km, not the cities as themselves.

And culture doesn´t know any frontiers, so this is the medium which connects the people. Not on a local concert, but nationwide. Thanks to Social Media.

Sources: 

https://www.sueddeutsche.de/muenchen/muenchen-coronakrise-rock-veranstalter-1.4890037

https://www.feierwerk.de/fileadmin/Feierwerk_UEberblick_Absagen_und_Verlegungen_aktuell.pdf

https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/DE/Dossier/kultur-und-kreativwirtschaft.html

https://www.steuerklassen.com/gehalt/branche/kultur-und-kreativwirtschaft/

https://bnn.de/lokales/baden-baden/rettungsschirme-fuer-festspielhaus-und-volksschauspiele-gefordert-corona-krise-baden-baden-oetigheim?fbclid=IwAR2TCQJYXxz5uTeHd9WmJqA3hSpG88elXK42dXBWL01xJuRMgKVDwANbM0I

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